Confucius (551-479 BCE), according to Chinese tradition, was
a thinker, political figure, educator, and founder of the Ru School
of Chinese thought. His teachings, preserved in the Analects, form
the foundation of much of subsequent Chinese speculation on the education
and comportment of the ideal man, how such an individual should live his
live and interact with others, and the forms of society and government in
which he should participate. Fung Yu-lan, one of the great 20th
century authorities on the history of Chinese thought, compares Confucius'
influence in Chinese history with that of Socrates in the West.